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Musculoskeletal medicine refers to the diagnosis and management of disorders involving the spine, muscles, bones, and joints that lead to pain and debility. Physiatrists are one of many physicians who treat patients with musculoskeletal disorders, but the only one of which that specializes in the rehabilitation of these conditions.
At Medlux, our specialists utilize a variety of therapeutic interventions that treat musculoskeletal conditions including spine and joint injections, prolotherapy, platelet rich plasma therapy, trigger point injections and ultra sound guided nerve blocks.
Prolotherapy is a form of therapy where a non-pharmacological agent is injected into a damaged or painful ligament or tendon in order to induce an inflammatory response that will ultimately strengthen the structure and alleviate pain. Conditions treated by prolotherapy include back pain, arthritis, sacroiliac joint dysfunction and fibromyalgia.
Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP)
PRP takes advantage of the powerful factors and healing agents that are in every platelet. In this form of therapy the patient’s own blood is drawn, the palates are separated, concentrated and injected into the damaged area to accelerate healing. Conditions treated by PRP include severe strains, sprains, ligament tears, arthritis, rotator cuff tears and sacroiliac joint dysfunction.
Botox therapy is used to treat patients with spasticity that restricts function or causes pain. Botox is a nerve impulse ”blocker,” once blocked muscles cease to spasm. Our trained clinicians inject small amounts of Botox directly into the affected muscles. Botox usually takes full effect within two to four weeks after injection. Patients should resume physical activity slowly and carefully after Botox injection.
Trigger Point Injection
Trigger point injections (TPI) are used to treat extremely painful areas of muscle. A trigger point is a tight band of muscle that forms when muscle fails to relax. Trigger point injection (TPI) is a procedure used to treat painful areas of muscle that contain trigger points. Our clinicians insert a small needle into the patients trigger point. The injection contains a local anesthetic rendering the trigger point inactive providing pain relief. Usually, a brief course of treatment will result in prolonged relief.
A nerve block relieves pain by interrupting how pain signals are sent to your brain. It is done by injecting a substance, such as alcohol or phenol, into or around a nerve or into the spine. Nerve blocks for chronic pain may work for 6 to 12 months.
Arthritis Joint Injection
Corticosteroid (Cortizone) treatment is meant to reduce the signs and symptoms of inflammatory conditions such as arthritis or tendonitis. A corticosteroid injection is administered into joints such as the knee, elbow, ankle, shoulder, spine and wrists.
Synvisc is a form of therapy that provides fluid supplementation in your knee to provide joint cushion and lubrication. Generally recommended for patients with osteoarthritis in the knee. The procedure takes only a few minutes and can be administered at a doctor’s office.
Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal cord injury (SCI) usually results from trauma to the spinal column sufficient enough to damage the spinal cord causing paralysis and loss of sensation. Patients with SCI require lifelong medical care by a specialist in spinal cord medicine. Dr. Ricardo Knight is the spinal cord injury program medical director at Van Matre HealthSouth Hospital in Rockford, Illinois.